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Step-change in Surface Flux for Semi-Infinite Body Outside of Sphere

Function SemiInf8(T_i, q``_dot_s, alpha, k, a, r, time) returns the temperature within a semi-infinite material that is located outside of a spherical surface and is subjected to a step change in the surface heat flux.  Solution is from Carslaw and Jaeger as reported in the Handbook of Heat Transfer.

The calling protocol is:

T=SemiInf8(T_i, q``_dot_s, alpha, k, a, r, time)

Inputs:
T_i = initial temperature of the material [C] or [K]
q``_dot_s = surface heat flux at r = a [W/m^2]
alpha = thermal diffusivity [m^2/s]
k = thermal conductivity [W/m-K]
a = radius of sphere [m]
time = time relative to beginning of surface disturbance [s]

This function can be used with English units set in EES.  In this case, T_i is in [F] or [R], q``_dot_s is in [Btu/hr-ft^2], alpha is in [ft^2/hr], k is in [Btu/hr-ft], a is in [ft], r is in [ft], and time is in [s].

Outputs:
T is the temperature in [C] or [K] (or [F] or [R] in English units)

Rohsenow, W.M., J.P. Hartnett, and Y.I. Cho, Handbook of Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, (1998).

Example:
\$UnitSystem SI Mass J K Pa
\$VarInfo T units=K
T_i=300 [K]
q``_dot_s=1e4 [W/m^2]
alpha=1e-4 [m^2/s]
k=1.5 [W/m-K]
a=0.01 [m]
r=0.02 [m]
time=1 [s]
T=semiinf8(T_i,q``_dot_s, alpha, k, a, r, time)

{Solution:
T=307.6 [K]}

Transient Conduction Index