Contents - Index


Function sphere_Q(time, T_i, T_f, alpha, k, h, r_o) returns the heat transfer to a sphere ([J or Btu]) whose outer surface (r=r_o) is exposed to convection.

time - time relative to beginning of convection [sec]
T_i - initial temperature of sphere [C], [K], [F], or [R]
T_f - bulk fluid temperature [C], [K], [F], or [R]
alpha - thermal diffusivity [m^2/s] or [ft^2/hr]
k - thermal conductivity of sphere [W/m-K] or [Btu/hr-ft-R]
h - heat transfer coefficient [W/m^2-K] or [Btu/hr-ft^2-R]
r_o - outer radius of sphere [m] or [ft]

Notes: Function sphere determines non-dimensional Biot and Fourier numbers and then calls the function sphere_Q_ND which determines Q_hat, the dimensionless heat transfer as described in Section 3.5.2 of Nellis and Klein.  The actual heat transfer is the product of Q_hat and the maximum heat transfer. 

$UnitSystem SI K Pa J
$VarInfo Q units=J
time=3000 [sec]
T_i=303 [K]
T_f=363 [K]
alpha=8.608e-5 [m^2/s]
k= 233 [W/m-K]
h= 45 [W/m^2-K]
r_o= 0.1 [m]
Q=sphere_q(time, T_i, T_f, alpha, k, h, r_o)

Q=527204 [J]}

Transient Conduction Index