Contents
- Index

**Sphere_Q**

Function **sphere_Q(time, T_i, T_f, alpha, k, h, r_o)** returns the heat transfer to a sphere ([J or Btu]) whose outer surface (r=r_o) is exposed to convection.

**Inputs:**

time - time relative to beginning of convection [sec]

T_i - initial temperature of sphere [C], [K], [F], or [R]

T_f - bulk fluid temperature [C], [K], [F], or [R]

alpha - thermal diffusivity [m^2/s] or [ft^2/hr]

k - thermal conductivity of sphere [W/m-K] or [Btu/hr-ft-R]

h - heat transfer coefficient [W/m^2-K] or [Btu/hr-ft^2-R]

r_o - outer radius of sphere [m] or [ft]

**Notes:** Function sphere determines non-dimensional Biot and Fourier numbers and then calls the function sphere_Q_ND which determines Q_hat, the dimensionless heat transfer as described in Section 3.5.2 of Nellis and Klein. The actual heat transfer is the product of Q_hat and the maximum heat transfer.

**Example:**

$UnitSystem SI K Pa J

$VarInfo Q units=J

time=3000 [sec]

T_i=303 [K]

T_f=363 [K]

alpha=8.608e-5 [m^2/s]

k= 233 [W/m-K]

h= 45 [W/m^2-K]

r_o= 0.1 [m]

Q=**sphere_q**(time, T_i, T_f, alpha, k, h, r_o)

{**Solution: **

Q=527204 [J]}

**Transient Conduction Index**